NASPi Gemini 2.5

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NASPi Gemini 2.5
NASPi Gemini 2.5 Interface
NASPi Gemini 2.5 Dimension
X882 V2.0 Interface Indication
X882 V1.3 Interface Indication
NASPi Gemini 2.5 Inner View
X882 Oled Support
NASPi Gemini 2.5 Packing List

Foreword

At the early 2017, we made a NAS storage solution for Raspberry Pi. Accroding to customers' feedback, we made a series of improvements, like X800, X820, X825 V1.5, X825 V2.0, X828, X829, X822, X880, X883, NASPi Lite, NASPi, etc. From only supporting single hard disk to support dual hard disks, from complicated installation to simple installation, now a new raspberry pi storage kit - NASPi Gemini 2.5 (only support 2.5" HDD/SSD) is released. Hope you will like it!

'Gemini' means dual, '2.5' means 2.5-inch SSD/HHD;

Click GEEKWORM NAS Family to know more.

Update History

  • In December 2022, the NASPi Gemini 2.5 has been updated to a new version, it is the update of X882 V1.3 to X882 V2.0, remove the USB-C port on X882 V1.3, and update DC 5V power in to wide voltage input DC6-18V power in.
  • The new version completely solve the issue of I/O error.

X882 V2.0 VS X882 V1.3

Overview

Geekworm NASPi Gemini 2.5 is an ultra-compact dual 2.5 inch SATA HDD/SSD NAS storage kit with safe shutdown and auto power on function that specially designed for Raspberry Pi 4 Model B computer, it allows two pcs 2.5" HDD/SSD to working at the same time with your Raspberry Pi 4. Also support use with one single 2.5" SATA HDD/SSD.

The SuperSpeed USB 3.0 port delivers a blistering data transfer rate of up to 5Gbps, letting you transfer a large amount of data in seconds.

NASPi Gemini 2.5 is composed of three parts: X882 dual 2.5" SATA HDD/SSD shield, NASPi Gemini 2.5 metal case and heat dissipation system(3Pin 4010 PWM fan with metal bracket). To get better heat dissipation of NASPi Gemini 2.5, it also support install Max 7mm thickness heatsink above Pi4, as we use the M2.5*11+6mm spacers to fix the PWM fan with metal bracket. There is space for extra heatsink installation on Pi4.

Note:

  • Power NASPi Gemini 2.5 via USB-C or DC jack of X882 shield, DO NOT power via USB-C of Raspberry Pi 4, or you can't use the AUTO ON & Safe shutdown function
  • Because the shielding of the metal casing will cause the loss of 2.4G wifi signal, we only recommend you to use Ethernet or 5G WiFi.
  • Support Max 7mm thickness heatsinks on Raspberry Pi 4 as we use 11mm height spacers for the fan with bracket installation on Pi4.
  • Support Max 16mm thickness 2.5" SATA HDD/SSD installation.
  • Insert the SD card into Raspberry Pi 4 first before NASPi Gemini 2.5 installation start.
  • The Raspberry Pi 4 board, 2.5" SATA SSDs/HDDs, power adapter are all not included in the packing list.

Important!!

For better system compatibility & performance, Please format your HDD/SSD to Ext4 file system.


We found that some newbies always ask strange questions about RAID;

Please note:

  1. NASPi-Gemini 2.5 is a hardware RAID. It supports RAID at the hardware level and does not require any software configuration. This has nothing to do with software.
  2. Although NASPi-Gemini 2.5 also supports hardware RAID, BUT we recommend that you use software RAID, which will bring a certain degree of ease of maintenance later on. Software RAID comes from the NAS software you use, such as OMV

Features

  • Model: NASPi Gemini 2.5
  • Ultra-compact NAS storage solution for Raspberry Pi 4 with Dual 2.5" SATA HDD/SSD
  • For use with Raspberry Pi 4 Model B only
  • Supports Dual Max 16mm thickness 2.5 SATA HDDs/SSDs working at the same time
  • Support Auto Power On function by jumper setting (Automatically turn on when there is a power applied)
  • Support Software&Hardware safe shutdown function(Integrated on X882 shield, do not need extra expansion board)
  • Support connecting 3pin PWM fan for cooling
  • Support Three RAID Modes by jumper setting
  • UASP supported only, do not support TRIM
  • Allows booting OS from your HDD/SSD for faster app opens, web serving and file copying
  • Compatible with all Raspberry Pi operating systems (If the OS (such as Home Assistant) does not allow the installation of external scripts, then the software safe shutdown and automatic adjust fan speed functions are not supported;)

How to Power

Warning about power supply:

  1. Don't use that adjustable voltage power supply.
  2. Don't use the same power supply used on LED strips.

The above two are absolute garbage power supply, can not be used!!!

for X882 V2.0

  • Power via DC5521 Jack of X882 V2.0, 6-18Vdc, ≥4A,
  • Refer to the following diagram:

How to Power NASPi Gemini V2.0

for X882 V1.3

  • Via DC5521 Jack of X882 V1.3, 5.1Vdc +/-5% , ≥4A Recommend!!! (DC5525 Jack is compatible with DC5521, also support 5V PSU with DC5525 Jack)
  • Via Type-C port of X882 V1.3, 5.1Vdc +/-5% , ≥4A(Geekworm Type-C 5V 4A 20W power supply is recommended.)
  • We recommend the high quality power adapter, or the HDD/SSD may cannot be recognized. Since NASPi Gemini 2.5 can install two pcs 2.5 inch hard drives, it needs a high-quality power supply to provide enough current.
  • Refer to the following diagram:

How to Power NASPi Gemini v1.3

How to Cooling?

  • The NASPi Gemini 2.5 uses the same cooling scheme as the NASPi, we only increased the height of the copper spacer from 6mm to 11mm to allow a heatsink with a maximum thickness of 7mm to be placed on the CPU chip.
  • NASPi Gemini 2.5 uses 4010 PWM cooling fan (3 wires, support speed adjustment NOT reading speed), can support automatic adjustment of speed according to CPU temperature, need to install the shell script.

User Manual

Installation Video

For NASPi Gemini 2.5 new version with X882 V2.0(New): https://youtu.be/telXhhnfzfA

Refer to #Installation Video for X882 V1.3 if you are using X882 V1.3.

How to Install Script

Refer to how to install the shell script, and this script is required to install to enable PWM fan runs and safe shutdown function.

How to choose SSD/HDD

  • Do not recommend using Samsung hard drives, please use hard drives of other brands.
  • We recommend that you use HDD instead of SSD, which will cause less WIFI interference
  • As with all SSDs, new SSD/HDD must be formatted before use.
  • Older SSD drives with less efficient flash media may not perform as well as newer drives.
  • A microSD card is required for forceing the Raspbian OS to use the HDD/SSD for its "root" partition

How to Configure RAID Setting

Refer to How to Configure RAID Setting

Some tutorials

Packing List

  • 1 x NASPi Gemini 2.5 Metal Case
  • 1 x X882 Dual 2.5 SATA SSD/HDD Shield(V1.3 or V2.0 Version)
  • 1 x X823-A3 metal bracket with PWM fan
  • 1 x screws pack accessories

Installation Video for X882 V1.3

For NASPi Gemini 2.5 Old version with X882 V1.3: https://youtu.be/7FzZeoTBQiI

Software Guide of script installation, please fast forward video to 5 minutes 10 seconds.

FAQ

Q1: Why only one SSD/HDD is recognized?

A: You found only SSD/HDD if you select the RAID0/RAID1 mode.

Please exit the RAID mode and check again after entering the PM mode(clear raid mode).

More details please refer to Set CLEAR RAID mode of How to configure RAID


Q2: What to do if HDD/SSD is not recognized?

A: Please refer to How to View/Partition/Format/Mount HDD/SSD


Q3: What is the thickness of a 2.5" HDD/SSD that can be accommodated for NASPi Gemini 2.5?

A: NASPi Gemini 2.5 support Max 16mm thickness 2.5" HDD/SSD; The thickness of 2.5" HDD/SSD on the market is generally 7mm, 9.5mm, 12.5 and 15mm,so you can choose the SSD/HDD according to your requirement.


Q4: Does raid inside of openmediavault function with NASPi-Gemini 2.5?

A: NASPi-Gemini 2.5 support hardware RAID mode, please refer to above Raid_Setting, or you can set it to PM mode then let openmediavault control RAID setting.


Q5: What are the HDDs requirement when use RAID mode?

A: Strongly recommend to use the same brand and capacity HDDs when use RAID Mode.


Q6: What to do if meet I/O error?

A: First please check if you use the USB Type-C power adapter, if yes, please change to use DC power adapter topower via DC jack of X882 to test. The USB Type-C PSU maybe not enough to power the dual HDD/SSD.


Q7: Why only one SSD/HHD can be recognized?

A: You choose the RAID1 mode, because it is a hardware RAID, so OS recognize only one HDD/SDD.


Q8: How to know if there will be HDD errors?

A: If there is HDD error, there will be red led for the red marked part LED.

HDD error


Q9: RAID issue with OMV.

A: The RAID mode is not tested with OMV OS. The OMV also supports software RAID, you can set the X882 to PM mode and test the software RAID of OMV. If you want to test the hardware RAID of X882, it can be connectted to WINDOWS PC for testing.

Q10: How to replace a bad HDD?

First of all, it depends on whether you use software RAID or hardware RAID. If you use software RAID, there will be corresponding functional modules in the NAS software to assist you in replacing the hard drive. After the HDD replacement is completed, the NAS software will automatically synchronize the data to the new hard drive.

If you use hardware RAID, you can refer to the following steps:

  1. Confirm the faulty hard disk: If the HHD1 or HDD2 LED lights up red, it means that the HDD feedback S.M.A.R.T read error, it is recommended to replace it
  2. Back up important data: It is recommended to connect to a Windows computer and back up important files directly through COPY.
  3. Purchase a new hard drive: To ensure compatibility and performance consistency, it is recommended to purchase a hard drive of the same model and capacity as the original hard drive.
  4. Shut down the NAS system: to avoid data corruption or other unexpected situations during the replacement process
  5. Start the NAS system: After startup, the RAID controller will automatically detect the new hard drive and start the data synchronization and reconstruction process. This process may take some time, depending on the size of the

hard drive and the load on the system.

PS: Although GEMINI also supports hardware RAID, we recommend that you use software RAID, which will bring certain convenience to later maintenance. The function of software RAID comes from the NAS software you use such as OMV.


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Anonymous user #20

26 days ago
Score 0++
I'm having problems with the "xoff" command not working to shut down my computer. Could anyone solve it after updating the kernel?

Lisa

20 days ago
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Hello,Answered your question hereXScript

Anonymous user #19

one month ago
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I am planning to use a high quality linear power supply with the NASPi Gemini 2.5 V2.0 Dual 2.5 Inch SATA HDD/SSD NAS Storage Kit with DC 6-18V Wide Voltage Input The power supply can provide 12, 15 or 16V / 3A.

I am using a RPi 4 and just a single 8TB Samsung 870 QVO SSD (according to spec, it needs 3.3 Watt max.)

Will that very linear power supply be sufficient for the NASPi Gemini 2.5 V2.0?

If so, would it also be sufficient, If I add a second SSD and use Raid mode?

Lisa

one month ago
Score 0++
Hello,Under normal circumstances, its power supply needs can be met. If it doesn't work, you can try changing the power supply and test it.

Anonymous user #18

3 months ago
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As the question of Anonymous user #9 10 months ago is still not answered, I also ask:

Is there a compatible UPS HAT or module with X822 and relative Naspi Gemini 2.5 case?

Walker

3 months ago
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Hi, X822 we don't sell it anymore, there is not enough space inside the Naspi Gemini 2.5 case to fit the UPS HAT, about the UPS board for Raspberry Pi 4, you can refer to the x703 X728 X708 X729

Anonymous user #17

6 months ago
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Hi, i just turn on the genemi like in the tutorial, but the fan start spinning, but the stop like a second later. any help?

Walker

6 months ago
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Hello, 1. First you need to determine if there is a problem with the script installation of the fan

2. If the script is ok, could you describe it in more detail about the problem

3. you can contact us via our email: support@geekworm.com we will do our best to solve your problem(You will need to provide your order number)

Anonymous user #16

6 months ago
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I want to use this NasPi as a big NAS for mi Plex media server, what do you recommend? install the OS in the microSD card or in one of the HDD?

Walker

6 months ago
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Hello, we recommend that you put it on microSD

Anonymous user #9

6 months ago
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Can Raspberry 5 be installed?

Walker

6 months ago
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Hello, it’s not possible. This is designed for Raspberry Pi 4B. Please follow us. After Raspberry Pi 5 is released, we have plans to upgrade the product in the future.

Lisa

11 days ago
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Please refer toX1008 or X1009

Anonymous user #15

7 months ago
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I need to buy a new fan for my Naspi Gemini 2.5. Where can I find a fan?

Walker

7 months ago
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Hello, PWM fans can be purchased here:

https://www....sa4itemAdapt

Anonymous user #14

7 months ago
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Is there any way to completely switch off, or at least lower the brightness of the led behind the power button?

It shines the whole room in the night...

Walker

7 months ago
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Hello, the LED behind the power button currently cannot be turned off. You can try other physical methods to reduce its brightness. For example, you can use black tape (or some other dark-colored objects) to cover the LED light.

Anonymous user #13

8 months ago
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In the RAID configuration legend printed on the board, what is "PM"?

Walker

8 months ago
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Switch to PM mode, and the two hard disks run independently, so that two hard disks can be recognized. If you select the RAID0/RAID1 mode., only one hard disk can be recognized. Please refer to here for specific operations:

https://wiki...RAID_Setting

Harry

8 months ago
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You can google Raid mode or refer to Raid Instruction

Anonymous user #12

9 months ago
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I've got disk failure in RAID1 and I know which disk to replace. Do I have to do something else except of replacing failed disk or the RAID1 will restore itself automatically?

Walker

9 months ago
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It is recommended that you re-select the RAID1 mode after replacing the faulty disk

Harry

9 months ago
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Hi,

Refer to How to Configure RAID Setting, and we rewrite this guide today.

Please strictly follow the steps of the above tutorial.

Please send us the result of lsusb and lsblk command if you still get some errors.

Anonymous user #11

9 months ago
Score 0++
How exactly does the power button work? It seems that gpio pin 4 does not immediately correspond to button presses (edge raising & falling) as it seems to be buffered to facilitate the long press hard shutdown? Is there maybe a schema how the power button, pin 4 and the power led work together?

Harry

9 months ago
Score 0++
Hi, we updated the installation script: XScript

Anonymous user #10

10 months ago
Score 0++

Is it possible to use the Naspi Gemini without a fan, e.g., with a passive heatsink connected to the casing? My Pi doesn't take big loads and was running fine in a passively cooled enclosure with external HD.

If that's not an option, are there any more quiet fans than the included one?

Walker

10 months ago
Score 0++
Hello, the built-in fan of NASPi Gemini is a PWM 4010 fan. If you find it noisy, you can lower the fan speed. Of course, you can also buy a fan with better quietness. Of course, if you don’t want to install a fan, you can You can use a heat sink with strong heat dissipation, but pay attention to the height between the Raspberry Pi and the shell,

Anonymous user #9

13 months ago
Score 0++
Is there a compatible UPS HAT or module with X822 and relative Naspi Gemini 2.5 case?

Anonymous user #8

15 months ago
Score 0++
What RAID chipset was used on X882? Is there an English manual for this chipset?

Harry

15 months ago
Score 0++
Hi, refer to here: https://www....ct+Brief.pdf

Anonymous user #8

15 months ago
Score 0++
Please provide more information or RAID operation. For example, what to do when in Raid 1 and one drive fails. How to replace the failed disk. Will the content on the good disk be automatically copied to the new disk? Such information is crucial!

Harry

15 months ago
Score 0++

Anonymous user #7

15 months ago
Score 0++
I have 2 HDD drives and my RPi boots from one of them. If I want to use Drive Spanning must the drives be empty? I have some folders with data files configured on both drives. Can I switch to Spanning and retain the data on both drives? How are the folders managed? What if folder names are duplicated?

Anonymous user #6

17 months ago
Score 0++
Could you please write I2C address for X882?

Anonymous user #6

17 months ago
Score 0++
Is exists X882 OLED script? I need look only temperature of HDD1 and HDD2?

Harry

9 months ago
Score 0++

Anonymous user #6

17 months ago
Score 0++
OLED port question - so X882 have some firmware which will show something in this OLED in case if I just put 0.96 inch OLED Shield into this port? What info x882 will show in this OLED?

Lisa

17 months ago
Score 0++
Hi,This depends on the script you programmed.You can also refer here:How to enable OLED display

Anonymous user #6

17 months ago
Score 0++
OLED port, how to use it?

Lisa

17 months ago
Score 0++
Hi,X882 board can install a 0.96 inch OLED Shield, but the metal case cannot be used unless you lead it out with a Dupont wire.

Anonymous user #6

17 months ago
Score 0++
Good, so X882 have own software support and will show something in this OLED?

Anonymous user #6

17 months ago
Score 0++
What info x882 will show in OLED?

Anonymous user #5

18 months ago
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What's the largest hard drives supported by this NAS system (1 TB, 2TB, 4TB)? I want to buy two 4TB and have them in RAID 1 with a NextCloud or OpenCloud running on the system.

Lisa

17 months ago
Score 0++
You can use 4TB HDD,and NASPi Gemini support Max 16mm thickness 2.5" HDD/SSD; The thickness of 2.5" HDD/SSD on the market is generally 7mm, 9.5mm, 12.5 and 15mm,so you can choose the SSD/HDD according to your requirement.

Anonymous user #4

18 months ago
Score 0++
Is the 5v out plug on the board functional?

Lisa

18 months ago
Score 0++

Hi,

Yes,you can use it.

Anonymous user #3

19 months ago
Score 0++

Sometime the pi just doesn't boot i'm stuck on a black screen and i have to poweroff/poweron again to be able to start properly.

I'm not using RAID (PM mode) and i boot raspbian os lite from one of the two ssd's pluged on the board.

I'm also using your official 4a usb-c power adapter.

What could it be ?

Lisa

19 months ago
Score 0++

Hello,

X882 is mainly used for data access, it is recommended that you try to boot from SD card.

Anonymous user #2

20 months ago
Score 0++
Hi there, I have a question - my hard drive never spins down, although it's set up to do so. Is the X882 board preventing hard drive from sleeping?

Lisa

20 months ago
Score 0++

Hi,

X882 does not have sleep mode, because many users request to turn off sleep mode so that the NAS can run stably.

Anonymous user #2

20 months ago
Score 0++

Figured it out :-) Changing the power management of the HDD from 128 to 127 fixed it:

hdparm -B 127 -S 60 /dev/sdb

Anonymous user #1

21 months ago
Score 0++
I have a NASPi gemini, and I build Raid 1 node, How can I get the information about one of HDDs is broken.

Lisa

21 months ago
Score 0++

Hello,

Raid 1 performance: both hard drives have the same data;

One hard disk is the direct visible hard disk capacity, and the other hard disk is equivalent to the mirror hard disk. The data is written at the same time. When the visible hard disk is damaged, the mirror hard disk will automatically restore the complete data to the hard disk.

About software operation, you can get more information on google.

Best regards

Anonymous user #1

21 months ago
Score 0++

So what I need to know how do I know if one of the hard drives is broken?

I just know which hard drive to replace

Lisa

21 months ago
Score 0++
There are two HDD indicator lights on the x882 board, you can observe the working status of the hard disk.