NASPi

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naspi front view
naspi rear view
naspi layering diagram
How to adjust the fan speed of NASPi
naspi Internal view 1
naspi Internal view 2
X823-A3 metal bracket and PWM fan
X823 V1.3 SATA Storage Shield
X823 V1.5 SATA Storage Shield
X-C1 Adapter Board

Foreword

On Oct., 18th,we released NASPi Lite, which is a simplified version of NASPi.

What's the difference between NASPi and NASPi Lite?

NASPi & NASPi-Lite Compare

Overview

Note:

  • In August 17th 2021, the NASPi kit inlcuded X823 shield has been updated from V1.3 to V1.5 version. X823 V1.5 added 4pcs test pins, RPi 4 and X823 V1.5 power each other via test pins, so remove the 2pin power cable from X-C1 to X823 V1.5. (But if you get X823 V1.3 version, you still need to connnect 2pin power cable from X-C1 to X823 V1.3.)
  • We added one backup acrylic front panel to help improve WiFi signal since 28th July 2021. But acrylic material is fragile, be careful for the installation. According to our test 2.4G WIFI is usable. But 5GHz WIFI networks will be more stable. So strongly recommend to use 5GHz WIFI networks or Ethernet. Refer to 5G WIFI test video: youtu.be/LKJVIBQFYXs; The wireless keyboard we tested usable is logitech K520.

NASPI is a NUC-style NAS storage solution based on the latest Raspberry Pi 4. It supports 2.5-inch sata HDD/SSD. All the Raspberry Pi 4 interfaces are adjusted to the back through the X-C1 adapter board, build in software safety shutdown function, using PWM fan can dynamically adjust the speed of the fan according to the temperature of the CPU, the shell is made of all aluminum alloy, CNC processing method, surface anodizing treatment.

NASPI adopts modular design, and NASPI is composed of three parts: X823 storage shield, X-C1 adapter board, heat dissipation system(include X823-A3 metal fan bracket and 4010 PWM fan), and they will be packed into a ALU-case to get a complete NASPi;

IMG-0403-640X320.jpg
  • X823 provides 2.5 inch HDD/SSD storage function(UASP supported);
  • X-C1 provides power management, interface adapter and safe shutdown function
  • For the heat dissipation system, we chose a relatively simple and practical heat dissipation solution: a custom metal bracket and a PWM fan to achieve it. in fact, you can use P165-B to get same function, but maybe P165-B will have a slight impact on WIFI.

NASPi's Story

Power supply

Power supply: 5Vdc +/-5% , ≥3A (Via Type-C Port of X-C1)

We recommend that you use our 20W 5V 4A Type-C power adapter USB C PSU.

Amazon US: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B09J856PND

X-C1 V1.3 GPIO Use

Rpi GPIO Description Note
4 Power management 3.3V
17 Power management 3.3V
27 Power management 3.3V
18 for PWM fan 3.3V

X-C1-V1.3-GPIO.png

How to install script

Refer to how to install the shell script

Stress test

refer to Naspi stress test

Document

Some Tips

Features

  • NUC style set-top box, compact design
  • All aluminum alloy chassis
  • UASP supported only for Raspberry Pi 4, does not support TRIM
  • Support software safe shutdown (this function is from X-C1)
  • With PWM Silent fan, The fan speed will be automatically adjusted according to the CPU temperature, you can also modify the script yourself
  • On-board blue light button switch on X-C1, and X-C1 supports external 4-pin switch also
  • Press button switch to turn on
  • Press button switch and hold for 1~2 seconds to reboot
  • Press button switch and hold for 3 seconds to implement safe shutdown
  • Press button switch and hold for more than 8 seconds to force shutdown
  • DO NOT support auto power on function
  • Support Max. 9.8mm thickness 2.5" HDD/SSD, you can choose 7mm or 9.5mm thickness HDD/SSD.

FAQ

Q0. The SSD cannot start or is very slow

A: If you have a Raspberry Pi 4 and are getting bad speeds transferring data to/from USB3.0 SSDs, read this https://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=245931


Q1. Will the Alu case affect the WIFI?

A: As our test, 2.4G WIFI AP was usable. But different Raspberry Pi individuals have different degrees of WIFI interference. As well as aluminum alloy case will interfere with pi 4’s WIFI to a certain extent. So it is strongly recommend to use Ethernet or 5G AP. You can refer to video test of 5G WIFI AP: https://youtu.be/LKJVIBQFYXs


Q2: What is the thickness of a 2.5" HDD/SSD that can be accommodated?

A: The thickness of 2.5" HDD/SSD on the market is generally 7mm, 9.5mm, 12.5 and 15mm,You only can choose 7mm or 9.5mm thickness HDD/SSD, NASPi is not compatible with 12.5mm and 15mm thickness 2.5" HDD/SSD.The thickness of 2.5" HDD/SSD should not exceed 9.8mm. In fact, most 2.5" HDD/SSD on the market are only 7mm thick.


Q3: How to make the PWM cooling fan running?

A: You will need to install the shell script to make the cooling fan run, please refer to: X-C1_Software

We can manually run the following commands:

sudo python /home/pi/x-c1/x-c1_pwm_fan_control.py&

Then the pwm fan will start working.


Q4: How to find and use the Raspberry Pi 4 5G wifi?

A: Please refer to: Raspberry pi 4 can't find 5ghz wifi


Q5: How to adjust the fan speed to get better heat dissipation?

A: modify the fan.py file as following. please refer to:X-C1_Software

How to adjust the fan speed


Q6: Does the PWM cooling fan running or not?

A:

  • 1. The fan is very silent, and it is not easy to hear the sound of the fan;
  • 2. The fan is a PWM fan which dynamically adjusts the speed according to the temperature of the CPU. If the temperature of the CPU is low, the speed of the fan is extremely low, and it is not easy to hear the sound of the fan;
  • 3. The fan hole of the NASPi case is not directly align with the fan, so it is not easy to find whether the fan is running. (We will adjust the position of the fan hole in the next version).
  • 4. Only when the CPU temperature reaches 65 degrees or more, the fan will run at full speed, and you may be able to hear the sound of the fan;
  • 5. The fan is controlled by the PWM signal. The fan will only run after the ‘python /home/pi/x-c1/fan.py&’ command runs successfully; you can run the following command to check whether the fan is running; sudo jobs


Q7: What is the read/write performance when used as a NAS?

A:The read and write performance is determined by the speed of the Raspberry Pi’s USB 3 bus and SSD. It should be noted that the Raspberry Pi’s USB3 bandwidth is only 3Gbps. Normally, the R/W speed is about 300MB/S.

Q8: Does the NASPi support PoE?

A: According to the customer feedback(based on 2021-05-07-raspios-buster-arm64-lite), the NASPi is OK to use with PoE splitter, but make sure to use high quality PoE splitter, or the power maybe not enough to power the NASPi kit.

Q9: How to disable the LED light of the Button switch?

How to disable the LED light of the Button switch

Q10: Can the PWM fan in NASPi be replaced by other fan like noctua 5v 40mm 3-pin pwm fan?

A:Please refer to the below photo of the fan port interface definition of X-C1 adapter:

  • red cable = 5V
  • black cable = GND
  • yellow cable = for PWM signal

X-C1 Fan

Packing List

  • 1 x NASPi alu case
  • 1 X X823 Shield
  • 1 x X-C1 adapter board
  • 1 x X823-A3 metal bracket with PWM fan
  • Scews pack accessories;

Installation Video

For NASPi Kit with X823 V1.5(RPi4+X823 V1.5+X-C1 V1.3): https://youtu.be/ithz2Mg5Vrc

For NASPi Kit with X823 V1.3(RPi4+X823 V1.3+X-C1 V1.3): https://youtu.be/RQGYf6Fqf6s

5G AP WIFI Test

Thanks for the Video from ETA Prime.

https://youtu.be/D0-QMDYUBVk

Collect Feedback

https://geekworm.com/community/forum/topic/33043/solicit-naspi-user-experience-feedback-solutions

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Anonymous user #13

17 days ago
Score 0++
Which GPIO pins are wired to the 4 pin switch socket on the X-C1 adapter board? I want to connect a 128x64 OLED display for status monitoring and need to get to the SDA and SCL GPIO pins that were used by the 7 pin GPIO board.

Harry

17 days ago
Score 0++

Hi, thanks.

refer to NASPi#X-C1_V1.3_GPIO_Use

Anonymous user #12

19 days ago
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The corresponding English blog for Raspberry Pi 4B + NASPi => Search "Build an Awesome Raspberry Pi NAS for Home Media Streaming"

Anonymous user #12

24 days ago
Score 0++
I wrote a Chinese blog for this, search "自己动手使用树莓派搭建家用NAS和流媒体服务器" (with quotes).

Anonymous user #11

2 months ago
Score 0++
Sadly mine only works if I hold the power button, I let go and after 3 seconds it turns off :(

Lisa

2 months ago
Score 0++
Hi,could you please tell us more information? installed scripts, what operating system to use, and it is better to provide some pictures or videos. Please contact us by email and tell us your order number【support@geekworm.com】. thanks

Anonymous user #11

2 months ago
Score 0++

I am so sorry, I was SURE the power I was using was enough, I tried another and all was fine :)

Super happy with this case, obviously made with love, two thumbs up :P

Anonymous user #10

2 months ago
Score 0++
Does the NASPI support the X883 dual SSD expansion board?

Lisa

2 months ago
Score 0++
Hi, NASPI not support the X883 board.

Anonymous user #9

2 months ago
Score 0++
It won't automatically power on after a power failure? Not what you'd expect in a NAS. Is there some magic to make it do that?

Lisa

2 months ago
Score 0++
Hi,NASPi has a safe shutdown function, but no [Auto Power On ]function. If you need a [Auto Power On ],please refer X735

Anonymous user #8

3 months ago
Score 0++

Just purchased: "Geekworm NASPi 2.5 inch SATA HDD/SSD NAS Storage Kit for Raspberry Pi 4 Model B"

But I received a fan with only two wires. It's 5v but because it's only two wires I can't connect it to the 3 pin fan connector. Please advise, thanks :-)

Lisa

3 months ago
Score 0++
Hi,could you please tell us your order NO.?[support@geekworm.com]; You can use the fan temporarily without installing any scripts.just connect directly

Anonymous user #7

4 months ago
Score 0++
Trying to find out if the Naspi case supports auto-power on so that if the power fails it will apply power so the RPi can restart? Eg if a NAS is implemented I want it to run continuously including after power failures.

Lisa

4 months ago
Score 0++
Hi,Sorry, it does not support auto-power on. Please refer tox825 V2.0 + X735

Anonymous user #6

5 months ago
Score 0++

how do i delete the script to set it back to original?

raspberrypi 4 with retropie, safe shutdown isnt working proper

Lisa

5 months ago
Score 0++
Hi,After installing the script, please try to restart a few times.

Harry

5 months ago
Score 0++
Hi, run the uninstall.sh or uninstall_XXX.sh.

Anonymous user #5

5 months ago
Score 0++
Script fails to install correctly, FAN does not run and subsequent boot error using DietPi

Lisa

5 months ago
Score 0++
Hello,Hello,What system are you using. could you please send some pictures of the operation so that we can find out the problem.【support@geekworm.com】 ;And tell us your order number. Best regards

Harry

5 months ago
Score 0++

We tested it base DietPi, it works nice.

Could you tell me more details?

Anonymous user #4

6 months ago
Score 0++
Is a fuse built into the power circuit?

Lisa

6 months ago
Score 0++
Hello,No, it doesn't.

Anonymous user #3

6 months ago
Score 0++

Is there enough gap between the front panel and body to sneak a camera ribbon cable out without damage?

If not, i think ill be modifying the case or redesigning a plastic alternative piece. Would you all be interested in linking that in the wiki if i made it?

Lisa

6 months ago
Score 0++
Hello,The camera ribbon cable out is not currently supported, but we will provide an acrylic front panel as a backup to improve the impact on the wifi signal. and you can modify the acrylic panel to support the camera ribbon cable out. Thanks for your feedback.Best regards

Anonymous user #2

6 months ago
Score 0++
Can the above NASPI case used to run Volumio and the SSD as the file storage. ? And have any review of it running with Volumio ?

Lisa

6 months ago
Score 0++
Hello,It can run Volumio and SSD, but cannot connect to I2S DAC.

Anonymous user #1

6 months ago
Score 0++
What does the acronym NASPI stand for?

Lisa

6 months ago
Score 0++
Hello,「NAS」:Network Attached Storage; NASPI is a NUC-style NAS storage solution based on the latest Raspberry Pi 4. Geekworm has many other storage boards:x825,x829,x832,x857,x862,x873etc. You can get more information at the Geekworm store.