X1001

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X1001 V1.1 NVME M2 SSD Shield for Raspberry Pi 5
X1001 V1.1 NVME M2 SSD Shield for Raspberry Pi 5
X1001 Supported SSD
X1001 V1.1, supports installation of official active coolers
X1001 FFC Connection

Overview

The X1001 V1.1 shield is an NVME M2 SSD PIP (PCIe Peripheral Board) for the Raspberry Pi 5 that uses the new PCIE interface of the Raspberry Pi 5 to utilise the NVME M2 SSDs for fast data transfers and ultra-fast booting.

This shield follows the new "PIP" design guideline from Raspberry Pi fundation ensuring that it will be easy to use and be supported long term by updates to Raspberry Pi OS - though it is very early days and things are improving rapidly there!

Geekworm PCIe to NVME Sets:

Model Compatible with Position NVMe M2 SSD Support Matching Case
X1000 Raspberry Pi 5 Top 2230/2242 NVMe M2 SSD P579
X1001 Raspberry Pi 5 Top 2230/2242/2260/2280 NVMe M2 SSD P579
X1002 Raspberry Pi 5 Bottom 2230/2242/2260/2280 NVMe M2 SSD P580
X1003 Raspberry Pi 5 Top 2230/2242 NVMe M2 SSD P579 / Raspberry Pi 5 Official case
X1004 Raspberry Pi 5 Top Dual 2280 NVMe M2 SSD Coming soon
M300 Raspberry Pi 5 Top 2230/2242 NVMe M2 SSD P579
M400 Raspberry Pi 5 Top 2230/2242/2280 NVMe M2 SSD P579

Important Notes

NVMe SSD Incompatibility List:

We recommend avoiding the following NVMe SSD drives which is equipped with a Phison controller due to their proven incompatibility:

  • WD Blue SN550/SN580 series
  • WD Green SN350 series
  • WD Black SN850 series
  • WD Black SN770
  • Inland tn446 nvme drive
  • Other NVMe SSD drivers equipped with the same Phison controller
  • Samsung PM991

These specific models have demonstrated compatibility issues, and it is advisable to avoid them when considering NVMe SSD options for the X10xx series NVMe shield. You can run "lspci" command to check the controller brand of the SSD.

We hope the Raspberry Pi Foundation will resolve this issue soon.

Also note:

  • Compatible with M.2 NVMe SSDs
  • Not compatible with M.2 SATA SSDs, M.2 PCIe AHCI SSDs, or other M.2 non-NVMe devices
  • Older NVMe drives with less efficient flash media may not perform as well as newer drives
  • New NVMe SSDs are not partitioned and will need to be both partitioned and formatted when first connected to the Raspberry Pi before they will be accessed in the Explorer.
  • We get feedback from customers that Polaris Controller will also have compatibility problems. Please replace the other SSD test if it not work, whether it is compatible with the Raspberry Pi 5 does not depend on the X100X series boards


Features

  • Minimalist design, easy to install
  • Compatible with other HAT shield;
  • FFC is only 30mm length.
  • Supports installation of official active coolers;
  • PCIE LED Indicators: PCie - The LED will be on if the SSD is recognised;
According the Raspberry Pi Foundation's specification for PCIE, we have redesigned and retained only the ACT LED indicator in the next production batch (starting December 20, 2023).On: Power OK/Standby,Flashing: Reading/Writing
  • Supports 2230/2242/2260/2280 NVME M2 SSD.
  • Can power the X1001 shield directly from the FFC PCIe ribbon (providing maximum 5W of continuous power)
  • Integrated with XH2.54 5V power connector, just use it if you are using a ultra large capacity SSD if the current is not enough;

PS:

  • Maximum current for pcie connector is 1A, and voltage is 5V
  • If you find that the SSD is not working properly, it is possible that the power supply of SSD is not enough, then you need to check the current requirement of your SSD to decide whether power the SSD separately.
  • The X1001 hardware has no limit on NVME SSD capacity, which is dependent on the Raspberry Pi OS.
  • Do not reserve the nut column to fix the 2230/2242/2260 SSD, users need to find proper way to fix the 2230/2242/2260 SSD.

How to Power

Can power the X1001 shield directly from the FFC PCIe ribbon (providing maximum 5W of continuous power)

Nvme-SSD-Current-Note.jpg

Test Reviews

By default the PCIe connector is not enabled. To enable it you should add the following option into /boot/firmware/config.txt and reboot:

sudo nano /boot/config.txt

Then add the following comment;

# Enable the PCIe External connector.
dtparam=pciex1
# This line is an alias for above (you can use either/or to enable the port).
dtparam=nvme

Press Ctrl-O, then enter, to write the change to the file.

Press Ctrl-X to exit nano (the editor).


And the connection is certified for Gen 2.0 speed (5 GT/sec), but you can force it to Gen 3.0 (10 GT/sec) if you add the following line after:

dtparam=pciex1_gen=3

You also can refer to official documentatio:Enabling PCIe


After I forced Gen 3.0 speeds, in my many tests I found that some NVMEs were able to run stably, but some NVMEs caused some problems: such as slow startup and running laggy, really really laggy. As the official statement says:

The Raspberry Pi 5 is not certified for Gen 3.0 speeds, and connections to PCIe devices at these speeds may be unstable.


Run the following command on Teminal window to test:

dd if=/dev/zero of=./Testingfile bs=100M count=10 oflag=direct
dd if=./Testingfile of=/dev/zero bs=100M count=10 oflag=dsync

Nomral PCIE 2.0 test data with dd command;

Nvme-test(pcie2).png

Forced Gen 3.0 speeds test data with dd command:

Nvme-test(pcie3).png

Packing List

  • 1 x X1001 V1.1 NVMe SSD Shield
  • 1 x PCIe FFC Cable(30mm length)
  • 3 x M2.5x17mm F/F Spacers
  • 6 x M2.5x5mm Screws
  • 1 x M2x4mm Screws (to fix M2 SSD)

X1001-V1.1-IMG-6870-Packing-List.jpg

NOTE:

The M2*4 screw is to fix M2 SSD;

User Manual

Video Guide

Installation Video of X1001: https://youtu.be/X1GxqLKpPfg

X1001/X1001/X1002 Test Video by leepsvideo https://youtu.be/XMA8e4r1AUQ

Which NVMe drives work with a Raspberry Pi 5? https://youtu.be/3mUgVTBmKio

FAQ

How to fix the 2230/2242/2260 SSD?

A: The X1000 does not reserve the nut column to fix the 2230/2242/2260 SSD. Based on our test, you can secure the 2230/2242/2260 SSD using an M2*6mm screw and 2pcs M2 nuts. Place one M2 nut under the SSD, then use the M2*6mm screw and the other M2 nut to fasten the SSD.

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Anonymous user #7

4 days ago
Score 0++

I ordered a X1001 board and as soon as I connect an SSD to it, it makes a high pitched noise similar to coil whine. Is there something I can do about it?

Otherwise it works fine.

Anonymous user #6

20 days ago
Score 0++
It works, but performance is awful. I have double the speed on my RPi4 in Argon40 NVME case and that is only using USB bridge and not PCIe. I'm deeply disappointed by the X1001...

Lisa

16 hours 35 minutes ago
Score 0++
Hi,It is difficult to determine the reason for the very slow speeds. It may be an issue with the FFC cable or a compatibility issue. Thanks for your feedback.We will continue to monitor this issue to find the best solution.

Anonymous user #5

21 days ago
Score 0++
I'm able to crimp my own JST-to-DuPont cables. Could I just power the X1001 via the GPIO pins with such a cable?

Lisa

19 hours 39 minutes ago
Score 0++
Hi,Normally there is no need to power X1001 separately. SSD power supply needs can be met through FFC cables. If you want to power X1001 separately, you can use a 2pin wire to power it through 5V IN of X1001.

Anonymous user #4

one month ago
Score 0++
First attempt failed. Had to use the Raspberry Pi eeprom fix and retry. Solution: Make eeprom changes after copying the OS to the SSD. First try would not boot from SD if no OS existed on SSD.

Walker

29 days ago
Score 0++
Thanks for sharing!

Anonymous user #1

one month ago
Score 0++
I reinserted the zif cable and now the WD_Black SN770 shows up on my desktop. However, I don't believe the test is using that drive, it is still terribly slow, like 60 MB/sec. So I think it is using the microSD.

Anonymous user #6

20 days ago
Score 0++
Same here, I get about 60MB/sec. Not what I would expect from PCIe. In my old case with USB bridge I get more than 110 MB/sec with the same drive.

Anonymous user #1

one month ago
Score 0++
I thought maybe I had just the wrong SSD, but I spent some more money and bought a WD_Black SN770 and though the test in both PCIE 2 and 3 modes give an answer, they are terribly slow and I suspect it is running the test on the microSD card and not the SSD. I don't think this is working at all.

Nahumb

one month ago
Score 0++

Hello,

Can you please provide any 3D model file of the X1001?

Thank you,

Nahum Budin.

Anonymous user #3

one month ago
Score 0++

This doesn't look right.

morey@rpi5:~ $ dd if=/dev/zero of=./Testingfile bs=100M count=10 oflag=direct dd if=./Testingfile of=/dev/zero bs=100M count=10 oflag=dsync 10+0 records in 10+0 records out 1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB, 1000 MiB) copied, 2.72273 s, 385 MB/s 10+0 records in 10+0 records out 1048576000 bytes (1.0 GB, 1000 MiB) copied, 2.61485 s, 401 MB/s

Any ideas on what is wrong?

Walker

one month ago
Score 0++
Hello, you can contact our technical support at support@geekworm.com , By the way, provide your order number

Anonymous user #1

one month ago
Score 0++
It says that New NVMe SSDs are not partitioned and will need to be both partitioned and formatted when first connected to the Raspberry Pi before they will be accessed in the Explorer. But does not give instructions or links as to how to do that. I have installed a 1TB drive and gotten it to give me the speeds using the test, but it doesn't show up as a drive to choose. The drive is a crucial PD PCIe 3.0 NVMe M.2 SSD

Anonymous user #2

one month ago
Score 0++
Same here. Get results for the speed test, but unable to mount SSD. WD_Black SN770 (Sandisk controller)

Anonymous user #2

one month ago
Score 0++
Since the Pi passed the Gen 3 test, I went back and enabled the gen 3 (dtparam=pciex1_gen=3) in the config.txt file. Rebooted and it now mounts the SSD. Hope this helps.

Walker

one month ago
Score 0++
Thank you very much for your advice, we are sure it will help others!