How to View/Partition/Format/Mount HDD/SSD

From Geekworm Wiki
Revision as of 18:41, 26 July 2023 by Harry (talk | contribs) (→‎How to view the HDD/SSD)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

How to view the HDD/SSD

1. Check USB device:

lsusb

The result is as follows

Bus 002 Device 004: ID 152d:0561 JMicron Technology Corp. / JMicron USA Technology Corp. JMS551 - Sharkoon SATA QuickPort Duo
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub
Bus 001 Device 003: ID 046d:c52b Logitech, Inc. Unifying Receiver
Bus 001 Device 002: ID 2109:3431 VIA Labs, Inc. Hub
Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub

The first line indicates that the USB device has been correctly recognized by the OS. (JMicron is the USB storage chip supplier)


If you cannot find the corresponding USB device, please check that your USB device is tightly connected, or replug the USB3 connector, or replace the USB3 connector with a USB-A to USB-A cable.

Sometimes, insufficient power supply may also cause the USB device not to be found, so we can also try to replace a high-quality power adapter.

If you have tried these actions and still cannot solve the problem, please contact us (support@geekworm.com) with the result information after running the lsusb command and your order number.


2. View HDD/SSD

lsblk -p

The result is as follows

NAME             MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
/dev/sda           8:0    0 298.1G  0 disk 
└─/dev/sda1        8:1    0 298.1G  0 part 
/dev/sdb           8:16   0  74.5G  0 disk 
└─/dev/sdb1        8:17   0  74.5G  0 part 
/dev/mmcblk0     179:0    0   7.4G  0 disk 
├─/dev/mmcblk0p1 179:1    0   256M  0 part /boot
└─/dev/mmcblk0p2 179:2    0   7.1G  0 part /

There are two SSDs devices were found. (/dev/sda and /dev/sdb)


3. Check if the hard disk is partitioned.

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo fdisk /dev/sda

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.36.1).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.


Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sda: 74.53 GiB, 80026361856 bytes, 156301488 sectors
Disk model: Tech            
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 33553920 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x65b1c901

Device     Boot Start       End   Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sda1       65535 156301487 156235953 74.5G 83 Linux

Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.

Command (m for help): 

The above result tells us that SDA already has a partition: /dev/sda1

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo fdisk /dev/sda

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.36.1).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.


Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sda: 74.53 GiB, 80026361856 bytes, 156301488 sectors
Disk model: Tech            
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 33553920 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x65b1c901

Command (m for help): 

The above result tells us that SDA has no partitions

If the hard disk is not partitioned, we need to partition the hard disk

How to Partition a HDD

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo fdisk /dev/sda

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.36.1).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.


Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sda: 74.53 GiB, 80026361856 bytes, 156301488 sectors
Disk model: Tech            
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 33553920 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x65b1c901

Command (m for help): n
Partition type
   p   primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)
   e   extended (container for logical partitions)
Select (default p): p
Partition number (1-4, default 1): 1
First sector (65535-156301487, default 65535): 
Last sector, +/-sectors or +/-size{K,M,G,T,P} (65535-156301487, default 156301487): 

Created a new partition 1 of type 'Linux' and of size 74.5 GiB.

Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sda: 74.53 GiB, 80026361856 bytes, 156301488 sectors
Disk model: Tech            
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 33553920 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x65b1c901

Device     Boot Start       End   Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sda1       65535 156301487 156235953 74.5G 83 Linux

Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.

Command (m for help): w

The partition table has been altered.
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.

Note: If you need to support partitions larger than 2TB, you need to use the parted command

How to format HDD/SSD

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1
mke2fs 1.46.2 (28-Feb-2021)
/dev/sda1 alignment is offset by 512 bytes.
This may result in very poor performance, (re)-partitioning suggested.
Creating filesystem with 19529494 4k blocks and 4882432 inodes
Filesystem UUID: dc0c2c55-145e-440d-a648-c4909b13c021
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
	32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208, 
	4096000, 7962624, 11239424

Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (131072 blocks): 
done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done


'/dev/sda1'/ is the first partition of the SDA . If you divide SDA into multiple partitions, there may be /dev/sda2, /dev/sda3, etc.

How to mount HDD/SSD Partition

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ df
Filesystem     1K-blocks    Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/root       30354572 8071072  20942064  28% /
devtmpfs          793780       0    793780   0% /dev
tmpfs             958644       0    958644   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs             383460    1296    382164   1% /run
tmpfs               5120       4      5116   1% /run/lock
/dev/mmcblk0p1    258095   50413    207683  20% /boot
tmpfs             191728      24    191704   1% /run/user/1000
/dev/sda1       76314492      24  72392188   1% /mnt

'/dev/sda1' is mounted under '/mnt' folder



Add your comment
Geekworm Wiki welcomes all comments. If you do not want to be anonymous, register or log in. It is free.


Anonymous user #1

4 months ago
Score 0++

every time I boot the HDD is not mounted and I have to manually mount. What can I do to make it automatically mount first thing before any other process accesses it?

do something in /etc/fstab ?

Thanks in advance, great product!

Anonymous user #1

4 months ago
Score 0++
im using EXT4 on ubuntu server

Walker

4 months ago
Score 0++
Hello, can you provide your order number? Then you can contact us via our email: support@geekworm.com and describe your problem accurately to our technical staff, we will do our best to solve your problem